Security Council Overview
MS & HS | Grades 8, 11-12
1 Security Council member per Country
The United Nations Security Council is one of the principal organs of the United Nations and is charged with the maintenance of international peace and security. At KUNA, the Security Council will address 3 Issues pertaining to international security in a specialized debate format. The guide to these issues can be found in the Security Council Resource Folder.
Security Council members (both Middle School and High School) will prepare and submit a Position Paper stating the position of their country on each of the 3 issues prior to KUNA. This is submitted using the link below (NOT on your delegation’s registration form), and is due by the registration deadline for your Assembly:
Position Paper Submission (Click Here)
At the Assembly, members of the Security Council work together to draft and vote on Resolutions addressing each issue:
- Middle School Security Council members submit 1 resolution per school via the KUNA Registration Form. This resolution must address 1 of the 3 Security Council Issues (if there are multiple security council representatives from the school, they all work together on the resolution). These resolutions will then be used as starting points for resolutions drafted at the Assembly.
- High School Security Council members will draft resolutions on-site at KUNA
Our High School Security Council will also participate in a Crisis Scenario, which will be facilitated by the President of the Security Council President and YMCA Staff. Details regarding the scenario will be revealed at KUNA.
Security Council Member (1 per Country)
Each Country can have 1 Security Council member. If your delegation is representing one of the 5 Permanent Members of the Security Council – China, France, Russia, United States, United Kingdom – you MUST have a Security Council member for that country. Each Security Council member is responsible for the following tasks:
- Position Paper – All Security Council members must prepare and submit a Position Paper outlining the position of their country on each of the 3 assigned Security Council Issues. This is submitted using the online form on this page, and is due by the registration deadline for your Assembly.
- Resolution (MS Only) – Middle School members will draft a resolution (submitted on the KUNA Registration Form) that addresses 1 of the 3 assigned Security Council Issues. If there are multiple Security Council members from the same school, they all work together on the resolution.
President of the Security Council
Chosen from the members of the Security Council
- The Security Council is facilitated by the President of the Security Council
- High School Security Council Presidents will work together to design the Crisis Scenario that will be used at each of their Assemblies.
- Only 8th/11th graders are eligible to be chosen as President.
Program Area Meeting | Day 1
Security Council members will convene for a procedural overview and to meet their fellow countries.
Security Council Debate | Day 2
At the beginning of Day 2, the Security Council will use the following procedure to debate resolutions on each of their assigned issues. This procedure is different from that used by the KUNA General Assembly, so please review in full:
- Roll Call – The Security Council President will announce each country’s name. After delegates hear their country, they should answer “Present.”
- Setting the Agenda – Once roll is taken, the President will entertain motions to set the agenda. This refers to the order in which each of the issues assigned to the Security Council will be debated. Any country can make a motion to set the agenda. Once a motion has been made as to the order of the 3 issues, the President will ask for a speaker in favor of the motion, and speaker in opposition to the motion (each 30 seconds). After both speeches, the President will call for a vote on the motion. A simple majority vote (half plus one) is required to set the agenda. If a simple majority is not present, the President will ask for another motion to set the agenda until a simply majority is reached.
- Moderated Caucus – Once a simple majority is reached, the President will proceed to a moderated caucus on the first issue on the agenda. During a moderated caucus, the President will call on each country to speak for up to 30 seconds to give their thoughts and positions on the issue. Countries can waive their right to speak.
- Unmoderated Caucus – After all countries have been called, the President will call for a 30-minute unmoderated caucus, during which countries can work together in blocs (regional groupings and/or strategic alliances and partners) to produce draft resolutions addressing the issue under consideration. Countries will refer to their Position Papers to guide them in forming blocs and drafting resolutions
- Speaker’s List – Following the unmoderated caucus, the President will open the Speaker’s List. Speaking time is set at 1 minute per speaker. Members will raise their placards to be added to the list, and can only be on the list once until they have spoken and can request to be added again. During speeches, speakers can provide their thoughts/positions on the issue at hand, make a motion (see Chart of Motions in Resource Folder), or introduce a draft resolution.
- Introducing Draft Resolutions – If a bloc wishes to introduce a draft resolution, the sponsors (those countries who helped write the resolution) must attain the signature of 1/5 of the countries on the Security Council. Once the signatures have been obtained, a member of the bloc must get on the Speaker’s List to make a motion introducing the resolution. Once the motion has been made, it requires a simple majority vote to proceed to debate on the resolution. If the motion carries, the President opens a new Speaker’s List for speeches on the resolution. Debate ends when a motion is made to close debate and proceed to a vote, or when the Speaker’s List is exhausted and no speakers wish to be added.
- Introducing Amendments – During debate on a draft resolution, any speaker can offer an amendment. If the resolution sponsors accept the amendment as friendly, the amendment is added to the resolution. If the sponsors to do not accept the amendment, it is deemed unfriendly and must receive a simple majority vote to be debated. If the motion carries, debate begins on the amendment and the President opens a new Speaker’s List for speeches on the amendment. Debate ends when a motion is made to close debate and proceed to a vote on the amendment, or when the Speaker’s List is exhausted and no speakers wish to be added. Once an amendment is passed or defeated, the President returns to the Speaker’s List for debate on the resolution.
- Close of Debate & Voting – Once the Speaker’s List for debate on a resolution has been exhausted, or a motion to close debate has carried, the President will call for a vote on the draft resolution. Resolutions in the UN Security Council require the an affirmative vote of 60% of members (9/15 in the real UN) including the concurring votes of the 5 permanent members – China, France, Russia, UK, USA.
- Veto Power – If any one of the 5 permanent members votes against the adoption of a resolution, it is defeated. This veto power only applies to votes on the adoption of resolutions – it does not apply to procedural votes (motions, amendments, etc.). However, if a permanent member does not support a resolution but has no desire to block it through a veto, it may abstain. An abstention is not regarded as a veto, and if the resolution still receives 60% support, it passes. Once a resolution is adopted or defeated, the President returns to the Speaker’s List on the original issue.
- Next Issue on the Agenda – After a vote on a resolution, the President returns to the Speaker’s List on the issue at hand. If there are additional speakers or members wishing to introduce additional draft resolutions on the issue, debate continues. If there are no more speakers on the issue, the President proceeds to the next issue on the Agenda and repeats this procedure, starting with a moderated caucus.
Crisis Scenario | Day 2 (HS Only)
At any point on Day 2, the President can reveal information regarding a crisis that must be addressed by the Security Council. This Crisis Scenario can evolve throughout the course of the day, or occur all at once without notice. No details will be provided prior to arrival at your Assembly, unless the President deems it necessary for certain countries to prepare for an enhanced role in the scenario.
Outstanding Security Council Member
Given to a member of the Security Council for outstanding presence and performance in Security Council sessions.