General Assembly Overview
MS & HS | All Grades
Default role for all KUNA Delegates
The UN General Assembly is the largest program area at KUNA, and includes all delegates not serving in other program areas.
As members of the General Assembly, each country sponsors one (1) UN Resolution, which can be sponsored by up to 4 Ambassadors from that country.
Countries can write their resolutions on an international issue their country would like discussed by the UN, or choose one of the issues from the Secretary’s General Agenda. The agenda, along with a guide for writing your resolutions, can be found in the General Assembly Resource Folder (link at top of page).
Using KUNA Debate Procedure, our version of Parliamentary Procedure, the General Assembly considers resolutions through the following process:
- Committees: where all resolutions are presented and ranked before advancing to either Summits or a General Assembly session for debate and voting.
- Summits: where most resolutions go after committees to be debated and voted on
- General Assembly Sessions: where 3 Resolutions – 2 Delegates’ Choice (voted on by students after committees) and 1 Secretary General’s Choice (selected by the Secretary General) – are debated and voted on by the entire Assembly.
All members of the General Assembly are Ambassadors, who represent the positions of their respective countries when ranking and voting on the Resolutions presented in committees, summits, and General Assembly sessions.
Resolution Sponsors | Up to 4 Students per Resolution
Each country submits one (1) UN Resolution to be considered by the General Assembly, and up to 4 delegates can serve as the Sponsors of the resolution. These 4 delegates present the resolution, giving an opening and closing statement and answering non-debatable technical questions during debate.
Parliamentarians | 1 Student per School
Each school also selects 1 student to serve as a Parliamentarian. These students serve as Clerks and Doorkeepers during Committees and Summits, but are also allowed and encouraged to speak and participate during debate.
President of the General Assembly
Deputy Secretary General
- All General Assembly Ambassadors are assigned to serve as members of a specific Committee (Committee A, B, etc.)
- All Resolutions are presented and ranked in Committees on the following categories:
Sample KUNA Ranking Sheet
- The highest-ranked resolutions in each committee session are placed on ballots (one ballot for resolutions heard in the first committee sessions, one ballot for those heard in the second), and during General Assembly sessions, countries vote to select the Delegates Choice Resolutions (2 – one from each ballot).
- All resolutions not selected as Delegates Choice advance to Summits, where they are heard in the order of their committee ranking from highest to lowest.
- All General Assembly Ambassadors are assigned a Summit (Summit 1, Summit 2, etc.)
- Most Resolutions will be presented, debated, and voted on during Summits. The only exceptions are the two (2) Delegate’s Choice Resolutions, which will be debated and voted on during General Assembly sessions.
and where each country sponsors one (1) UN Resolution that will be presented Committees, Summits, and General Assemblies are where most of the business of KUNA gets done. Authors present their resolutions. Ambassadors ask questions and debate in favor of or in opposition to the resolutions. To keep things running smoothly at KUNA, resolutions are handled in accordance to parliamentary procedure as outlined here.
1. The Chair will announce the resolution number and ask the authors to come forward.
2. The clerk will read the title of the resolution.
3. Authors’ Opening Speech
- The Authors will have 3 minutes to divide between their opening and summation speeches.
- The Authors must state their names, identify the country they represent, and recognize the Chair. At this point their time will begin and they then have the floor to introduce their issue. Authors will be expected to indicate the end of their opening speech by saying “We wish to yield any remaining time to our summation.”
- All remaining time will be reserved for the Authors to make their closing points. If three minutes is exceeded, then the Author will be instructed to stop speaking and will not receive time for their summation speech. This speech is considered a pro speech.
4. The Chair will announce how much time remains for the authors’ summation.
5. A 1-minute country caucus period will be given prior to Technical Questions, to allow for ambassadors to confer with one another for debate purposes.
6. Technical Questions
- Time will be allotted for Ambassadors to ask questions which can be answeredwith “Yes,” “No,” or a factual answer.
7. Pro/Con Speeches
- Recognized Ambassadors will be allowed one (1) minute each to speak beginning with a speech in opposition to the resolution, followed by a speech in favor of the proposal.
- This will alternate until the allotted time has elapsed.
- The Authors’ speeches are considered the first and last pro speeches, so debate will always begin and end with a con speech.
- There must be at least four (4) speeches [2 pro, 2 con] total (this number includes the Author’s speech as a pro speech). Length of debate and the number of pro and con speeches allowed after the required 2 pro/2 con is at the discretion of the Chair, based on time constraints and relevance of debate.
8. The Chair calls “Previous Question”
- Once the allotted time is exhausted the Chair will call previous question. This signifies that it is time for the Authors to present their summation.
9. Authors’ Summation Speech
- The Authors may use whatever time was yielded to their summation speech to make closing remarks and address any points made during debate.
Note: At this point the procedure is different for Committees than it is for Summits and General Assembly. In Committees Ambassadors will rank resolutions, in Summits as well as General Assembly they will vote on passage of resolutions based on merit.
Ambassadors from the same country consult when ranking Resolutions during Committees.
10. Rank Resolutions
- Each country will receive one ranking sheet per committee and those Ambassadors present will be given a short amount of time, between thirty seconds and one minute, in which they will rank the resolution on a scale of one (1) to five (5) with five (5) being the best based on the following categories:
D. Global Impact
11. Proceed to the next resolution on the docket.
At KUNA it is important to remember to represent the ideals and culture of the country you represent, especially when debating Resolutions.
10. Vote on Resolution
- The Chair will call for the countries to caucus, to discuss in a short amount of time how they would like their voting Ambassador to vote on the resolution.
- After the caucus time, the Chair will move on to a vote of “In favor”/”Opposed.”
- This is a vote by each voting Ambassador (one per country) by raising their country’s placard and by stating in a normal tone of voice, “Aye” or “Nay.”
- Countries may abstain from voting.
- After announcing the results (resolution is passed or defeated), the Chair slowly raps the gavel twice.
- “Division” may be called by the Chair in case of a close vote, or it may be called by any Ambassador between the two gavel raps. If division is called, a standing vote may be taken if the Chair chooses to recognize the division.
- If the Chair feels that division was called only in protest of the results and that the vote had a clear winner, the Chair may override the call of division.
- The Chair may vote only in the case of a tie vote.
11. Proceed to the next resolution on the docket.